This kind of essay is a gift to you because it makes the structure of your essay very clear.
If the question has 2 question marks, then this indicates what your paragraphs will be about.
Consider the following example:
These days more fathers stay at home and take care of their children while mothers go out to work. What could be the reasons for this? Do you think it is a positive or negative development?
The first body paragraph of this essay will be about the reasons that more mothers are working while fathers are staying home.
The second paragraph will be about whether you think it will be a positive or negative development.
The same goes for an essay question with one question mark that has an and in the middle.
Children in many countries are eating more junk food and convenience snacks.
Why are children doing this and how serious are the consequences?
The first paragraph will be about the reasons (the clue in the question is why) children are eating more junk food and the second paragraph will be about the consequences.
Always write approximately the same amount of words for both paragraphs.
I am going to post a sample answer to the second question as it is the more straightforward of the two. Tomorrow I will post a sample answer to the first question.
Nowadays, it seems that children’s consumption of junk food is increasing and this is fast becoming a global phenomenon. This essay will discuss the reasons why this is happening and the very serious consequences of this trend.
There are several reasons why children are consuming fast food more often than in the past. Firstly, families are smaller than in the past, which means fast food is more affordable. Also, in most families these days, both parents go to work, which leaves little time to prepare food at home. Therefore, fast food has become the obvious solution to a busy lifestyle. Another reason that children are eating more junk food is availability. The growth of the fast food industry has meant that affordable fast food can be found just about anywhere – you don’t even have to get out of the car to buy it and it can even be delivered straight to your door.
The consequences of children eating large amounts of convenience foods are very serious. The most obvious problem is that over-consumption of fast food causes obesity in children, which in turn leads to numerous health problems. These include early-onset heart disease, diabetes, risk of stroke and early diagnosis of arthritis. In addition, there are social consequences to children being obese. Overweight children are often isolated and bullied at school. They may have difficulty making friends and be depressed as a result.
In conclusion, the growing trend of children eating junk food may have very serious consequences. Fast food is affordable, available and convenient and this is why its consumption is increasing. Therefore we need to consider this problem carefully.
IELTS Vocabulary tip: Learn vocabulary related to health and illness such as in the example provided above.